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Ontario Employer Advisor Keeping Employers Advised on Developments in Labour and Employment Law

Tag Archives: Canada Labour Code

Federal Government Introduces New Amendments to the Canada Labour Code to Address Workplace Violence and Harassment

Posted in Federally Regulated Employers, Occupational Health and Safety, Sexual Harassment, Workplace Harassment, Workplace Investigations, Workplace Violence

The Federal Government has recently introduced Bill C-65, An Act to amend the Canada Labour Code (harassment and violence), the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act and the Budget Implementation Act, 2017, No. 1, which provides for significant changes in how federally-regulated workplaces must address workplace violence and harassment. Bill C-65 follows a year-long public consultation commissioned by the Ministry of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour that concluded that harassment and violence in workplaces is underreported and not dealt with effectively when reported. Bill C-65 seeks to enhance the current legislative framework, which was originally intended to apply to … Continue Reading

Federal Government Restores Former Certification and Decertification Processes for Unionization in Federal Workplaces

Posted in Federally Regulated Employers, Labour Relations, Union Certification, Unions

Three years ago, the Federal Government passed the Employees’ Voting Rights Act, which reformed the Canada Labour Code’s certification and decertification rules for federally regulated workplaces.

The most significant change was the removal of the 50 year old “card check” system. Card check allowed a union to be automatically certified without a vote when it could demonstrate that the majority of the employees in the proposed bargaining unit has signed membership cards and paid a nominal fee.

The other change was lowering the threshold for support for decertification from 50% +1 to 40%.

In Bill C-4, An Act to Continue Reading

Federal Accessibility Legislation in the Works

Posted in Accessibility, Accommodation, Accommodation, Disability, Federally Regulated Employers, Human Rights

 

 

The Federal Government has recently commenced a nationwide consultation process with Canadians to inform the development of federal accessibility legislation.  Specifically, the government is seeking input on the following:

  • feedback on the overall goal and approach;
  • to whom would apply;
  • what accessibility issues and barriers it could address;
  • how it could be monitored and enforced; and
  • what else the Government of Canada could do to improve accessibility.

Thus far, there is limited opportunity for public oral consultation.  Brief in-person sessions are taking place in 18 cities across Canada.  These sessions began in September and will continue through to … Continue Reading

Dismissing an Employee in the Federal Sector? You Will Need More Than a Severance Package

Posted in Damages, Federally Regulated Employers, Just Cause, Termination, Wrongful Dismissal

Today, the Supreme Court of Canada allowed the appeal in Wilson v Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, and ruled that federally regulated employers must provide justification for dismissing a non-unionized employee or risk facing the “galaxy of discretionary remedies, including, most notably, reinstatement” provided for under the Canada Labour Code (the “Code”).  Unfortunately for federally regulated employers, this decision overturns the Federal Court of Appeal ruling we wrote about early last year and confirms the notion that federally regulated, non-unionized employees cannot be dismissed without cause or reasons.  In other words, a federal sector employer cannot simply … Continue Reading

(Likely) Coming Soon to a Federally Regulated Workplace Near You – Flexible Work Arrangements

Posted in Accommodation, Accommodation, Family Status, Federally Regulated Employers, Flexible Work Arrangements

The Federal Government has pledged to amend the Canada Labour Code to allow federally regulated workers to formally request flexible work arrangements from their employers, noting that a statutory right to request flexible work arrangements would align with existing obligations under human rights law (e.g. family status protections around an employee’s childcare obligations).

Following this pledge, the Federal Ministry of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour recently published a discussion paper on the topic, and announced that it will be conducting public consultations about flexible work arrangements, including flexibility around work schedules, hours of work, location or work, leaves, and rest … Continue Reading

It’s in our DNA: Bill S-201 and Genetic Discrimination

Posted in Accommodation, Accommodation, Disability, Discrimination, Federally Regulated Employers, Human Rights, Privacy, US vs. Canadian Employment Law

When dealing with requests for accommodation, employee absenteeism and other medical circumstances, employers are routinely faced with the challenge of balancing employee privacy interests against the operational interests of the business when determining how much medical information and what kind of medical information employers can request.  The analysis typically centres on the issue of what is reasonable in the circumstances, with diagnostic information being considered to be a clear delineation point as to what employers may request and not request.  At the Canadian Senate in January, the question of the protection personal health information took on a new angle, centering … Continue Reading

A “Without Cause” Dismissal is Not Automatically an “Unjust” Dismissal: A Federal Employment Law Update

Posted in Employment Standards, Labour Relations, Policies

The decision in Wilson v. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, released by the Federal Court of Appeal (the “FCA”) on January 22, 2015, marks the end of a long-standing tug of war. The FCA held that non-unionized employees in the federal sector do not have a “right to a job” and that dismissal from employment on a without cause basis is not automatically an “unjust dismissal” under the Canada Labour Code (the “Code”).

Part III of the Code provides an adjudication process for non-unionized employees who claim that they have been unjustly dismissed from their employment. An … Continue Reading

Federal Labour Law Amendments: Harder to Certify a Union (and Easier to Decertify a Union)

Posted in Unions

On December 16, 2014, the Act to amend the Canada Labour Code (“Code”), the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act and the Public Sector Labour Relations Act (certification and revocation – bargaining agent), also referred to as theEmployees’ Voting Rights Act received Royal Assent and became law.  This new legislation significantly changes the rules for certifying and decertifying a union for federally regulated employers.  Those changes essentially make it easier to decertify a union and harder to certify one.

The amendments to certification and decertification requirements bring the Code in line with the labour legislation in several … Continue Reading

Time Limits for Wage Complaints Under the Canada Labour Code to Come Into Force April 1

Posted in Employment Standards, Wage and Hours

The long-awaited proclamation of several important amendments to the Canada Labour Code (the Code), have finally been announced. On March 12, 2014, the Federal Government announced that April 1, 2014 will be the day that certain sections of the Jobs and Growth Act, 2012, will come into force. The Jobs and Growth Act, 2012, also known informally as Bill C-45, received Royal Assent in December 2012 as a means to implement parts of the 2012 Federal Budget.

Of particular note for employers in the federal jurisdiction is that the Bill C-45 amendments will establish precise time … Continue Reading